Task 21: Make a list of what extra information dictionaries can provide about words apart from the meaning. It would be a good idea to refer to a dictionary to help you.
Dictionaries can include meaning, usage, etymologies, phonetics, pronunciation and translation. – Wikipedia
Task 21: In the following sentences, there is a vocabulary error of some kind. Identify and describe the problem.
- He’s the highest person in the family by more than 2 centimeters. – Tall refers to the height of something, and high refers to the elevation from the ground. Tallest is the correct word here, especially as we are talking about people (buildings can use high).
- I think I’ll go to bed now. I’m feeling a little enervated. – enervated is a synonym to weakened, so I guess you could say ‘I feel enervated’.
- It is an extremely good essay. The ideas in it are original and pretentious. – In most cases, people see pretentious as a negative characteristic, and it doesn’t fit with the former praise.
- Her grandfather gave her a loving slap on her face. – in most cases, you don’t slap someone lovingly on the face (he may give a loving slap on her arm, or a loving caress on her face).
- Every day I like to go footing after work. It’s good exercise and it helps me to relax. – footing by itself is not a word we use when we talk about walking (hot-footing however is), so it’s better to use walking or running.
Task 23: In the following sentences, you can find the following examples of collocation: 2 verb-noun collocations; 1 verb-preposition collocation; 1 adjective-noun collocation; 3 adverb-adjective collocations.
- Not only was he nice, but he was also strikingly handsome. – adverb-adjective
- After he got up, he made his bed and did some housework. – verb-noun x 2
- It was absolutely fabulous! – adverb-adjective
- The both really depend on each other. – verb-preposition
- Their farewell at the airport was highly emotional. – adverb-adjective
- She was caught in a vicious circle. – adjective-noun